Human Trafficking, Child Labor, and Modern Slavery

Policies

Lists of Goods and Services Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor

The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) maintains a List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor and their source countries which are violation of international standards, as required under the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2005 and subsequent reauthorizations. The List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor comprises 155 goods from 77 countries, as of September 30, 2020.

Twisted Engineering is committed to doing our part to help bring about an end to human trafficking, child labor, and forced labor. In honor of this commitment, we pledge never source any materials from Countries or Company which supports, either directly or indirectly (allowance through inaction or non-enforcement), these barbaric practices.

While the ILAB maintains this List primarily to raise public awareness about forced labor and child labor around the world, and is not intended to be punitive, Twisted Engineering does use it as a tool to help identify and avoid potential ethical conflicts while vetting our suppliers and Product Partners.

While we have taken the liberty of highlighting the key features below, we have also linked each country to its corresponding ILAB page (which we highly recommend you check out), as these include more in-depth information on labor laws and enforcement actions, as well as educational standards as they apply to their children.

Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
Algeria Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Angola Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Construction, Diamonds, Pornography Diamonds Moderate Advancement
Benin Cotton, Domestic Servitude, Granite (crushed) Cotton Moderate Advancement
Botswana Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Herding Livestock (cattle) Minimal Advancement
Burkina Faso Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Gold, Granite Cotton, Gold Minimal Advancement
Burundi Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Gold Moderate Advancement
Cabo Verde Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Construction Moderate Advancement
Cameroon Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cocoa Moderate Advancement
Central African Republic (CAR) Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Diamonds Moderate Advancement
Chad Domestic Servitude, Herding Livestock (cattle) Moderate Advancement
Comoros Agricultural Labor, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
Côte d’Ivoire
(Ivory Coast)
Cocoa, Coffee Cocoa, Coffee Moderate Advancement
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Cobalt Ore (heterogenite), Copper, Diamonds, Gold, Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Slavery, Tantalum Ore (coltan), Tin Ore (cassiterite), Tungsten Ore (wolframite) Gold, Tantalum Ore (coltan), Tin Ore (cassiterite), Tungsten Ore (wolframite) No Advancement – Efforts made but complicit in forced child labor
Djibouti Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Egypt Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Limestone (stone) Moderate Advancement
Equatorial Guinea No Data No Data No Data
Eritrea Agricultural Labor, Armed Combatants (national service) No Advancement – Efforts made but complicit in forced child labor
eSwatini Agricultural Labor, Domestic Servitude, Herding Livestock (bovines) Moderate Advancement
Ethiopia Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Gold, Herding Livestock (cattle), Khat (stimulant plant), Textiles (hand-woven) Textiles (hand-woven) Moderate Advancement
Gabon Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice delayed advancement
Gambia Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Ghana Cocoa, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Gold, Pornography, Tilapia (fish) Tilapia (fish) Minimal Advancement
Guinea Begging, Cashews, Cocoa, Coffee, Diamonds, Gold Minimal Advancement
Guinea-Bissau Agricultural Labor, Begging Minimal Advancement
Kenya Agricultural Labor, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Fish, Gold, Khat/Miraa (stimulant plant), Rice, Sand, Sisal, Sugarcane, Tea, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Lesotho Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Herding Livestock (cattle) Moderate Advancement
Liberia Diamonds, Domestic Servitude, Gold, Rubber Minimal Advancement
Libya No Data No Data No Data
Madagascar Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Mica, Sapphires, Stone, Vanilla Moderate Advancement
Malawi Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Tea, Tobacco Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Mali Armed Combatants, Cotton, Gold, Hereditary Slavery, Rice Hereditary Slavery, Rice Moderate Advancement
Mauritania Herding Livestock (cattle & goats), Hereditary Slavery No Advancement – Efforts made but continued policy and practice that delayed advancement
Mauritius Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Construction, Street Work Minimal Advancement
Morocco Artisanal Handcrafts, Domestic Servitude Minimal Advancement
Mozambique Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Namibia Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Street Work Significant Advancement
Niger Gold, Herding Livestock (cattle), Hereditary Slavery, Gypsum (mineral), Salt, Trona (mineral) Herding Livestock (cattle) Moderate Advancement
Nigeria Artisan Mining, Armed Combatants, Cocoa, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Gold, Granite, Gravel (crushed stone) Monioc/Cassava, Sand Cocoa, Granite, Gravel (crushed stone) Minimal Advancement
Republic of the Congo Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
Rwanda Domestic Servitude, Tea Moderate Advancement
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha No Evidence Found
(however, the government has yet to define by law or regulation the types of work prohibited to children; while gaps remain in legislation related to forced child labor and the trafficking of children for labor exploitation)
Minimal Advancement
Sao Tome & Principe Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Minimal Advancement
Senegal Begging, Domestic Servitude, Gold, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Seychelles Commercial Sexual Exploitation Minimal Advancement
Sierra Leone Cocoa, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Diamonds, Fishing, Granite, Palm Oil Moderate Advancement
Somalia Armed Combatants (national service & non-state groups), Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Street Work Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice delayed advancement
South Africa Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Minimal Advancement
South Sudan Armed Combatants (national service), Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Herding Livestock (cattle) Herding Livestock (cattle) No Advancement – Efforts made but complicit in forced child labor
Sudan Gold Incomplete Data
Tanzania Cloves, Coffee, Domestic Servitude, Gold, Nile Perch (fish), Sisal, Tanzanite (gem), Tea, Tobacco Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice delayed advancement
Togo Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Minimal Advancement
Tunisia Begging, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
Uganda Bricks, Charcoal, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fish, Gold, Herding Livestock (cattle), Rice, Sand, Stone, Sugarcane, Tea, Tobacco, Vanilla Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but regression in practice delayed advancement
Zambia Cotton, Gems, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Herding Livestock (cattle), Stone, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Zimbabwe Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Mining, Sugarcane, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
Afghanistan Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Bricks, Carpets, Coal, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Poppies (flowers), Salt Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Debt Bondage Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but complicit in forced child labor
Armenia Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued law that delayed advancement
Azerbaijan Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued law that delayed advancement
Bahrain Domestic Servitude, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Bangladesh Bidis (hand-rolled cigarettes), Bricks, Dried Fish, Footwear, Furniture (steel), Garments, Glass, Jute (Textiles), Leather, Matches, Poultry, Salt, Shrimp, Soap, Textiles Dried Fish Moderate Advancement
Bhutan Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
Brunei No Data No Data No Data
Cambodia Alcoholic Beverages, Bricks, Fish, Herding Livestock (bovines, Manioc/Cassava, Meat, Rubber, Salt, Shrimp, Sugarcane, Textiles, Timber, Tobacco Bricks Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but regression in practice that delay advancement
China Bricks, Cotton, Electronics, Fireworks, Textiles, Toys Artificial Flowers, Christmas Decorations, Coal, Fish, Footwear, Garments, Gloves, Hair Products, Nails, Thread/Yarn, Tomato Products Incomplete Data
Cyprus No Data No Data No Data
Georgia Begging Moderate Advancement
Hong Kong Commercial Sexual Exploitation Incomplete Data
India Bidis (hand-rolled cigarettes), Brassware, Bricks, Carpets, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Cottonseed (Hybrid), Embellished Textiles, Fireworks, Footwear, Garments, Gems, Glass Bangles, Incense (agarbatti), Leather Goods, Locks, Matches, Mica, Rice, Sandstone, Silk Fabric, Silk Thread, Soccer Balls, Stones, Sugarcane, Thread/Yarn Bricks, Carpets, Embellished Textiles, Garments, Rice, Sandstone, Stones Moderate Advancement
Indonesia Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fish, Footwear (Sandals), Gold, Palm Oil, Rubber, Tin, Tobacco Fish, Palm Oil Moderate Advancement
Iran Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Bricks, Carpets Incomplete Data
Iraq Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Commercial Sexual Exploitation Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Debt Bondage Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice that delayed advancement
Israel No Data No Data No Data
Japan No Data No Data No Data
Jordan Agricultural Labor, Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Kazakhstan Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Street Work Cotton Moderate Advancement
Kuwait No Data No Data No Data
Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Tobacco Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but regression in law delayed advancement
Laos No Data No Data No Data
Lebanon Construction, Potatoes, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Macao No Data No Data No Data
Malaysia Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Palm Oil Electronics, Garments, Rubber Gloves Incomplete Data
Maldives Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
Mongolia Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Coal, Fluorspar (mineral), Gold, Horse Jockeying Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued law that delayed advancement
Myanmar
(Burma)
Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Bamboo, Beans (Green, Soy, Yellow), Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Garments, Jade, Palm Thatch, Rice, Rubber, Rubies, Sugarcane, Teak Bamboo, Beans (Green, Soy, Yellow), Bricks, Domestic Servitude, Jade, Palm Thatch, Rice, Rubber, Rubies, Sesame, Shrimp, Sugarcane, Sunflowers, Teak No Advancement – Efforts made but continued policy and practice that delayed advancement
Nepal Bricks, Carpets, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Embellished Textiles, Stones Bricks, Carpets, Embellished Textiles, Stones Moderate Advancement
North Korea Bricks, Cement, Coal, Gold, Iron, Textiles, Timber Incomplete Data
Oman Fishing, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Pakistan Agricultural Labor, Bricks, Carpets, Coal, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude, Glass Bangles, Leather, Surgical Instruments Bricks, Carpets, Coal, Cotton, Sugarcane, Wheat Moderate Advancement
Philippines Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Bananas, Coconuts, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Corn, Fashion Accessories, Fish, Gold, Herding Livestock (hogs), Pornography, Pyrotechnics, Rice, Rubber, Sugarcane, Tobacco Moderate Advancement
Qatar No Data No Data No Data
Saudi Arabia No Data No Data No Data
Singapore No Data No Data No Data
South Korea No Data No Data No Data
Sri Lanka Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Moderate Advancement
State of Palestine No Data No Data No Data
Syria No Data No Data No Data
Taiwan Fish Incomplete Data
Tajikistan Cotton Incomplete Data
Thailand Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Garments, Muay Thai Competitions, Pornography, Shrimp, Sugarcane Fish, Garments, Shrimp Moderate Advancement
Timor-Leste Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but regression in practice that delayed advancement
Turkey Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Citrus Fruits, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Cumin, Footwear, Furniture, Garments, Hazelnuts, Peanuts, Pulses (legumes), Sugar Beets Moderate Advancement
Turkmenistan Cotton Incomplete Data
United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) No Data No Data No Data
Uzbekistan Commercial Sexual Exploitation Cotton, Silk Cocoons Moderate Advancement
Vietnam Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Bricks, Cashews, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fish, Footwear, Furniture, Garments, Leather, Pepper, Rice, Rubber, Sugarcane, Tea, Textiles, Timber, Tobacco Incomplete Data
West Bank and the Gaza Strip Construction, Street Work Minimal Advancement
Yemen Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fish Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice that delayed advancement
Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
Albania Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Mining (Chromium) Moderate Advancement
Andorra No Data No Data No Data
Austria No Data No Data No Data
Belarus No Data No Data No Data
Belgium No Data No Data No Data
Bosnia and Herzegovina Begging Moderate Advancement
Bulgaria No Data No Data No Data
Croatia No Data No Data No Data
Czech Republic
(Czechia)
No Data No Data No Data
Denmark No Data No Data No Data
Estonia No Data No Data No Data
Finland No Data No Data No Data
France No Data No Data No Data
Germany No Data No Data No Data
Greece No Data No Data No Data
Holy See No Data No Data No Data
Montenegro Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Netherlands No Data No Data No Data
North Macedonia Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Norway No Data No Data No Data
Poland No Data No Data No Data
Romania No Data No Data No Data
Russia Pornography Bricks, Pornography, Timber Minimal Advancement
San Marino No Data No Data No Data
Serbia Begging, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Street Work Moderate Advancement
Slovakia No Data No Data No Data
Slovenia No Data No Data No Data
Spain No Data No Data No Data
Sweden No Data No Data No Data
Switzerland No Data No Data No Data
Ukraine Amber, Coal, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Pornography Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but regression in law that delayed advancement
United Kingdom No Data No Data No Data
Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
Argentina Blueberries, Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cotton, Drugs (sale and distribution), Garlic, Garments, Grapes, Olives, Strawberries, Tobacco, Tomatoes, Yerba Mate (stimulant plant) Garments Significant Advancement
Belize Bananas, Citrus Fruits, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Sugarcane Moderate Advancement
Bolivia Brazil Nuts/Chestnuts, Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Corn, Gold, Herding Livestock (cattle), Peanuts, Silver, Sugarcane, Tin, Zinc Brazil Nuts/Chestnuts, Corn, Herding Livestock (cattle), Peanuts, Sugarcane Moderate Advancement
Brazil Bananas, Beef, Bricks, Cashews, Ceramics, Charcoal, Cocoa, Coffee, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Corn, Cotton, Fish, Footwear, Herding Livestock (cattle & hogs), Manioc/Cassava, Pineapples, Poultry, Rice, Sheep, Sisal, Sugarcane, Tobacco Charcoal, Coffee, Garments, Herding Livestock (cattle), Sugarcane, Timber Moderate Advancement
Chile Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Colombia Bricks (clay), Coal, Coca (stimulant plant), Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Emeralds, Gold, Pornography, Sugarcane, Fruits (pome and stone), Grapes Coca (stimulant plant) Significant Advancement
Costa Rica Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Herding Livestock (cattle) Significant Advancement
Ecuador Bananas, Bricks, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Flowers, Gold Significant Advancement
El Salvador Baked Goods, Cereal Grains, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fireworks, Herding Livestock (cattle), Shellfish, Sugarcane Moderate Advancement
Guatemala Broccoli, Coffee, Corn, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fireworks, Gravel (Crushed Stones) Sugarcane Significant Advancement
Honduras Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Drugs (sale and trafficking), Lobsters, Melons Moderate Advancement
Mexico Onions, Chile Peppers, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Cucumbers, Drugs (production and trafficking), Eggplants, Garments, Green Beans, Herding Livestock (cattle), Leather Goods, Melons, Poppies (flowers), Pornography, Sugarcane, Tobacco, Tomatoes Chile Peppers, Tomatoes No Assessment
Nicaragua Bananas, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Gold, Gravel (crushed stone), Pumice (stone), Shellfish, Tobacco Minimal Advancement
Panama Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Melons Moderate Advancement
Paraguay Beans, Bricks, Cabbages, Carrots, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Corn, Debt Bondage, Domestic Servitude, Fish, Herding Livestock (cattle, goats, hogs, & sheep), Lettuce, Manioc/Cassava, Melons, Onions, Peanuts, Peppers, Pornography, Poultry, Sesame, Limestone (stone), Sugarcane, Sweet Potato, Tomatoes, Yerba Mate (stimulant plant) Herding Livestock (cattle) Significant Advancement
Peru Bricks, Coca (stimulant plant), Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fireworks, Fish, Gold Brazil Nuts/Chestnuts, Timber Significant Advancement
Suriname Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Gold Moderate Advancement
Uruguay Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Garbage Scavenging Minimal Advancement
Venezuela Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Domestic Servitude Gold Minimal Advancement
Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
American Samoa No Data No Data No Data
Australia No Data No Data No Data
Christmas Island No Evidence Found
(while the government has made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas, the recruitment, harboring, transfer, and receipt of children for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation are not prohibited law)
Moderate Advancement
Cocos (Kneeling) Island No Evidence Found
(while the government has made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas, the recruitment, harboring, transfer, and receipt of children for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation are not prohibited law)
Moderate Advancement
Cook Islands No Data No Data No Data
French Polynesia No Data No Data No Data
Fiji Agricultural Labor, Armed Combatants (non-state groups), Commercial Sexual Exploitation Moderate Advancement
Guam No Data No Data No Data
Kiribati Construction, Street Work
(law does not prohibit the domestic trafficking of children)
Minimal Advancement
Marshall Island No Data No Data No Data
Micronesia No Data No Data No Data
New Zealand No Data No Data No Data
New Caledonia No Data No Data No Data
Niue No Evidence Found
(however, the government has not criminally prohibit the use, procuring, or offering of a child for prostitution, the production of pornography, or pornographic performances, or the use of children for illicit activities, including for the production and trafficking of drugs)
No Advancement
Norfolk Island No Evidence Found
(while the government has made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas, the recruitment, harboring, transfer, and receipt of children for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation are not prohibited law)
Moderate Advancement
Northern Mariana Islands No Data No Data No Data
Palau No Data No Data No Data
Papua New Guinea Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Drugs (production and trafficking), Mining Minimal Advancement
Samoa Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Drugs (production and trafficking), Street Work Minimal Advancement
Solomon Islands Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Palm Oil Fruit Minimal Advancement
Tokelau No Evidence Found
(however, the government has not criminally prohibited forced labor and child trafficking)
No Advancement
Tonga Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Fishing Minimal Advancement – Efforts made but continued practice that delayed advancement
Tuvalu Domestic Servitude, Fishing Moderate Advancement
Vanuatu Domestic Servitude, Fishing Minimal Advancement
Wallis and Futuna No Evidence Found
(no evidence of a child labor problem was found, and the country has a good legal and enforcement framework)
No Assessment
Country/Area Forced or Exploited
Child Labor
Forced or Exploited
Labor
Advancement Rating
Anguilla No Evidence Found
(however, the law does not prohibit the involvement of children in illicit activities, including the production and trafficking of drugs)
No Advancement
Antigua and Barbuda No Data No Data No Data
Aruba No Data No Data No Data
Bahamas No Data No Data No Data
Barbados Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Drugs (trafficking) Minimal Advancement
British Virgin Islands No Evidence Found
(however, the law does not prohibit the involvement of children in hazardous work or illicit activities)
No Advancement
Caribbean Netherlands No Data No Data No Data
Cayman Islands No Data No Data No Data
Cuba No Data No Data No Data
Curaçao No Data No Data No Data
Dominica No Evidence Found
(however, the legal framework does not protect against the use of children in pornography or pornographic performances, illicit activities, including the production and trafficking of drugs)
Minimal Advancement
Dominican Republic Baked Goods, Coffee, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Rice, Sugarcane, Tomatoes Sugarcane Moderate Advancement
Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)
No Evidence Found
(however, the legal framework does not protect against the use of children in hazardous work, nor does the law prohibit adults from using, procuring, and offering a child for the production and trafficking of drugs)
Minimal Advancement
French Guiana No Data No Data No Data
Grenada No Evidence Found
(however, the legal framework does not protect against the use of children in commercial sexual exploitation, hazardous work, and illicit activities, including the production and trafficking of drugs)
No Advancement
Guadeloupe No Data No Data No Data
Guyana Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Mining Moderate Advancement
h\Haiti Agricultural Labor, Domestic Servitude Minimal Advancement
Jamaica Agricultural Labor, Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Drugs (production and distribution), Street Work Moderate Advancement
Martinique No Data No Data No Data
Montserrat No Evidence Found
(however, the legal framework does not prohibit the recruitment of children by non-state armed groups, or use in hazardous work)
No Advancement
Puerto Rico No Data No Data No Data
Saint Kitts & Nevis No Data No Data No Data
Sint Maarten No Data No Data No Data
St. Lucia Limited Evidence Found
(however, the legal framework does not prohibit the commercial sexual exploitation of children, or their use in the sale and distribution of drugs)
Moderate Advancement
St. Vincent and Grenadines Limited Research
(however, the legal framework does not protect against the use of children for prostitution, pornography or pornographic performances, illicit activities, including the production of drugs)
Minimal Advancement
Trinidad and Tobago Limited Evidence Found
(although not widespread, research found children being used in for agricultural labor and commercial sexual exploitation)
Moderate Advancement
Turks and Caicos No Data No Data No Data
U.S. Virgin Islands No Data No Data No Data

What are governments doing to address modern slavery?

The Walk Free Foundation works through a combination of direct implementation, grassroots community engagement, and working in partnership with faiths, businesses, academics, NGOs, and governments around the world to end modern slavery.

Tackling one of the world’s largest and most complex human rights issues, Walk Free is pioneering research to build and maintain the world’s most comprehensive evidence-base of modern slavery – Global Slavery Index. This publication, now in its fourth edition, uncovers the scale of the problem and enables robust solutions at a country level.

It is unthinkable that one human should ever be allowed to deny another human of these basic rights through fear, exploitation, deceit, or physical or emotional restraint. There are some who say the problem is too hard, that there are more pressing issues, or that this is a challenge for governments to solve. However, together we believe nothing is more important than human life, that we can, and must, do everything in our power to end modern slavery.

Globally, governments have taken important strides in the fight against modern slavery since the publication of the first Index in 2016, however the work is far from over. Governments play a critical role in the developing and implementing the laws, policies, and programs that are needed to prevent and respond to modern slavery. To complement the prevalence estimates and assessment of vulnerability, for the third year running the Global Slavery Index includes an assessment of the actions governments are taking to respond to modern slavery.

Government response rating by country

This assessment is based on tracking government progress towards the achievement of five milestones:

  1. Survivors of slavery are identified and supported to exit and remain out of slavery.
  2. Criminal justice mechanisms function effectively to prevent modern slavery.
  3. Coordination occurs at the national and regional level, and governments are held to account for their response.
  4. Risk factors such as attitudes, social systems, and institutions that enable modern slavery are addressed.
  5. Government and business stop sourcing goods and services produced by forced labor.

Therefore, to reduce the prevalence of crime, the government needs to:

  1. Reduce the opportunity for offenders to commit the crime.
  2. Increase the risks of offending.
  3. Decrease the vulnerability of potential victims.
  4. Increase the capacity of law enforcement and other guardians.
  5. Address the people or factors that enable or facilitate slavery.
RATING SCORE RANGE DESCRIPTION
AAA 90 to 100 The government has implemented an effective and comprehensive response to all forms of modern slavery, with effective emergency and long-term reintegration victim support services, a strong criminal justice framework, high levels of coordination and collaboration, measures to address all forms of vulnerability, and strong government procurement policies and legislation to ensure that slavery is not present in business supply chains. There is no evidence of criminalization or deportation of victims.
AA 80 to 89.9 The government has implemented a comprehensive response to most forms of modern slavery, with strong victim support services, a robust criminal justice framework, demonstrated coordination and collaboration, measures to address vulnerability, and government procurement guidelines and/or supply chain policies or legislation to ensure that slavery is not present in business supply chains.
A 70 to 79.9 The government has implemented key components of a holistic response to modern slavery, with strong victim support services, a strong criminal justice framework, demonstrated coordination and collaboration, measures to address vulnerability, and may have taken action to ensure that government procurement policies do not encourage slavery and/or supply chain policies or legislation to ensure that slavery is not present in business supply chains.
BBB 60 to 69.9 The government has implemented key components of a holistic response to some forms of modern slavery, with victim support services, a strong criminal justice response, evidence of coordination and collaboration, and protections in place for vulnerable populations. Governments may be beginning to address slavery in supply chains of government procurement, or of businesses operating within their territory. There may be evidence that some government policies and practices may criminalize and/or cause victims to be deported.
BB 50 to 59.9 The government has introduced a response to modern slavery that includes short-term victim support services, a criminal justice framework that criminalizes some forms of modern slavery, a body to coordinate the response, and protection for those vulnerable to modern slavery. There may be evidence that some government policies and practices may criminalize and/or cause victims to be deported and/or facilitate slavery.
B 40 to 49.9 The government has introduced a response to modern slavery with limited victim support services, a criminal justice framework that criminalizes some forms of modern slavery (or has recently amended inadequate legislation and policies), a body or mechanisms that coordinate the response, and has policies that provide some protection for those vulnerable to modern slavery. There is evidence that some government policies and practices may criminalize and/or deport victims and/or facilitate slavery. Services may be provided by International Organizations (IOs)/NGOs with international funding, sometimes with government monetary or in-kind support.
CCC 30 to 39.9 The government has a limited response to modern slavery, with limited victim support services, a criminal justice framework that criminalizes some forms of modern slavery and has policies that provide some protection for those vulnerable to modern slavery. There may be evidence of a National Action Plan and/or national coordination body. There may be evidence that some government policies and practices may criminalize and/or deport victims and/or facilitate slavery. Services may be largely provided by IOs/NGOs with international funding, with limited government funding or in-kind support.
CC 20 to 29.9 The government has a limited response to modern slavery, with largely basic victim support services, a limited criminal justice framework, limited coordination or collaboration mechanism, and few protections for those vulnerable to modern slavery. There may be evidence that some government policies and practices facilitate slavery. Services are largely provided by IOs/NGOs with limited government funding or in-kind support.
C 10 to 19.9 The government response to modern slavery is inadequate, with limited and/or few victim support services, a weak criminal justice framework, weak coordination or collaboration, while little is being done to address vulnerability. There are government practices and policies that facilitate slavery. Services, where available, are largely provided by IOs/NGOs with little government funding or in-kind support.
D <0 to 9.9 The government has a wholly inadequate response to modern slavery, and/or there is evidence of government-sanctioned modern slavery. However, countries in this category may be experiencing high levels of poverty and internal conflict that may prevent or hinder a response to modern slavery.
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
A Netherlands 72.2 72.2 75.0 92.9 36.7 75.2
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
BBB † United States 92.6 75.6 56.3 66.7 65.0 71.7
BBB † United Kingdom 82.0 73.9 62.5 73.8 26.7 71.5
BBB Sweden? 73.1 64.4 81.3 73.8 18.3 68.7
BBB Belgium 72.2 53.9 87.5 73.8 36.7 68.3
BBB Croatia 77.0 78.3 56.3 69.0 18.3 68.2
BBB Spain 79.3 65.6 62.5 73.8 0.0 66.9
BBB Norway 68.1 82.8 56.3 73.8 10.0 66.8
BBB Portugal 62.6 69.4 68.8 83.3 8.3 66.3
BBB Montenegro 79.3 70.0 56.3 61.9 0.0 64.0
BBB Australia 69.6 75.0 56.3 69.0 0.0 63.8
BBB Cyprus 68.1 77.8 56.3 61.9 18.3 63.4
BBB Macedonia 70.4 67.2 75.0 61.9 0.0 63.2
BBB Austria 72.8 61.1 68.8 61.9 18.3 63.1
BBB Georgia 74.1 63.9 56.3 69.0 0.0 62.8
BBB Argentina 70.0 70.6 62.5 78.6 0.0 62.6
BBB Chile 76.5 53.9 50.0 76.2 0.0 62.3
BBB Italy 58.3 78.9 50.0 83.3 ?=26.7 62.0
BBB Serbia 63.9 75.0 56.3 69.0 0.0 61.9
BBB France 42.4 71.7 93.8 71.4 18.3 61.5
BBB Latvia 47.0 61.7 93.8 71.4 18.3 60.9
BBB Switzerland 66.7 60.6 37.5 81.0 0.0 60.0

† Indicates where a country could not score above a BBB. These countries have received a negative rating for policies that hinder their response to modern slavery.
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
BB Albania 72.8 63.3 68.8 66.7 0.0 59.9
BB Slovenia 60.4 57.8 56.3 73.8 18.3 59.6
BB Lithuania 46.3 62.8 68.8 78.6 18.3 59.1
BB Canada ?52.4 72.8 75.0 61.9 0.0 58.6
BB Jamaica 50.6 72.8 75.0 64.3 0.0 58.6
BB Denmark 62.6 56.1 50.0 69.0 28.3 58.6
BB Hungary 64.8 47.2 56.3 71.4 18.3 58.2
BB Dominican Republic 69.1 78.3 37.5 69.0 0.0 57.9
BB Finland 53.7 49.4 81.3 71.4 8.3 57.9
BB Ireland 65.9 42.2 62.5 69.0 18.3 57.7
BB New Zealand 53.7 47.8 43.8 95.2 0.0 57.6
BB Germany 61.7 57.8 56.3 57.1 36.7 57.1
BB Bulgaria 59.8 49.4 56.3 66.7 18.3 55.8
BB Philippines 51.5 69.4 50.0 69.0 0.0 55.8
BB Republic of Moldova 58.5 61.1 62.5 59.5 0.0 55.7
BB Brazil 38.9 47.8 87.5 73.8 26.7 55.6
BB Greece 68.5 66.1 43.8 45.2 18.3 55.1
BB Kosovo 66.7 62.7 37.5 59.5 0.0 54.8
BB Poland 53.3 42.2 68.8 69.0 8.3 53.9
BB Armenia 54.6 51.1 56.3 66.7 0.0 53.2
BB Slovakia 48.7 52.2 62.5 64.3 18.3 53.2
BB Ukraine 65.7 46.1 62.5 66.7 0.0 53.0
BB Czech Republic 47.0 54.4 81.3 50.0 28.3 53.0
BB Peru 75.9 42.2 62.5 54.8 0.0 52.5
BB Mexico 53.7 62.8 56.3 69.0 0.0 52.4
BB Israel 57.2 56.1 43.8 61.9 0.0 52.1
BB Indonesia 47.8 60.0 50.0 61.9 0.0 50.8
BB Uruguay 40.6 49.4 50.0 78.6 0.0 50.0
BB Costa Rica 53.7 41.7 62.5 59.5 0.0 50.0
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
B Trinidad and Tobago 67.2 50.0 31.3 66.7 0.0 49.9
B Thailand 46.3 51.7 56.3 73.8 0.0 48.9
B Estonia 41.3 36.1 43.8 81.0 18.3 48.8
B Boznia and Herzegovina 60.2 47.8 25.0 76.2 0.0 48.6
B Azerbijan 28.0 71.7 62.5 59.5 0.0 48.2
B Vietnam 62.2 45.0 62.5 66.7 0.0 48.1
B United Arab Emirates 63.0 41.1 56.3 42.9 0.0 47.8
B South Africa 53.7 61.7 43.8 57.1 0.0 47.4
B Turkey 66.7 57.2 37.5 33.3 0.0 47.4
B Senegal 49.6 43.9 56.3 54.8 0.0 47.1
B Ecuador 61.1 55.6 37.5 52.4 0.0 46.4
B Iceland 48.7 54.4 37.5 52.4 8.3 46.4
B Nicaragua 34.4 70.0 25.0 66.7 0.0 46.3
B Sierra Leone 53.7 37.8 50.0 54.8 0.0 46.2
B Nigeria 58.9 53.3 50.0 47.6 0.0 45.8
B India 46.3 53.3 56.3 45.2 0.0 45.7
B Luxembourg 47.4 33.9 68.8 50.0 8.3 45.4
B Guatemala 42.2 25.6 62.5 69.0 0.0 45.2
B Bangladesh 43.1 63.3 68.8 42.9 0.0 44.4
B Tunisia 53.0 31.7 43.8 57.1 0.0 44.3
B Romania 53.3 52.2 50.0 42.9 18.3 43.9
B Panama 32.6 60.0 31.3 78.6 0.0 43.9
B Cote d’Ivoire 34.4 36.7 43.8 66.7 8.3 42.4
B Uganda 48.1 51.7 37.5 54.8 0.0 42.0
B Plurinational State of Bolivia 21.3 43.9 62.5 61.9 8.3 41.3
B Colombia 40.4 42.2 62.5 69.0 0.0 41.1
B Kyrgyzstan 33.0 48.3 56.3 61.9 0.0 40.9
B Paraguay 26.1 56.7 37.5 71.4 10.0 40.9
B Mozambique 57.6 49.4 31.3 42.9 0.0 40.7
B Belarus 48.9 27.8 37.5 66.7 0.0 40.1
B Egypt 37.6 30.6 62.5 64.3 0.0 40.1
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
CCC Haiti 49.6 42.8 18.8 47.6 0.0 39.7
CCC Barbados 53.3 26.1 37.5 45.2 0.0 39.4
CCC Nepal 35.2 41.7 50.0 59.5 0.0 38.7
CCC Jordan 48.1 42.8 31.3 38.1 0.0 38.6
CCC Malaysia 40.0 53.9 56.3 38.1 0.0 38.4
CCC Lesotho 35.9 37.2 56.3 42.9 0.0 38.3
CCC Taiwan 46.9 38.7 25.0 42.9 8.3 38.2
CCC Benin 30.6 31.7 56.3 52.4 0.0 37.7
CCC Cambodia 40.4 46.7 43.8 33.3 0.0 37.6
CCC El Salvador 31.7 39.4 43.8 64.3 0.0 37.4
CCC Sri Lanka 26.7 42.8 25.0 78.6 0.0 37.4
CCC Honduras 27.6 25.6 62.5 54.8 0.0 37.0
CCC Japan 43.5 44.4 37.5 45.2 0.0 36.6
CCC Morocco 6.5 56.7 31.3 71.4 0.0 36.5
CCC Kenya 35.7 38.9 37.5 59.5 0.0 36.5
CCC Algeria 29.4 47.2 37.5 45.2 0.0 36.3
CCC Ethiopia 27.8 51.1 56.3 47.6 0.0 36.3
CCC Burkina Faso 38.1 30.0 43.8 42.9 0.0 35.7
CCC Qatar 53.0 31.7 31.3 42.9 0.0 35.4
CCC Djibouti 30.4 42.8 31.3 47.6 0.0 35.3
CCC Mauritius 43.7 38.9 0.0 50.0 0.0 34.9
CCC Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos) 38.9 36.7 50.0 40.5 0.0 34.0
CCC Gambia 25.0 48.3 37.5 40.5 0.0 33.9
CCC Rwanda 36.9 41.7 43.8 54.8 0.0 33.6
CCC Namibia 34.1 27.8 18.8 54.8 0.0 33.3
CCC Botswana 32.2 45.6 37.5 45.2 0.0 33.2
CCC Tajikistan 38.9 36.1 43.8 40.5 0.0 33.0
CCC Kazakhstan 42.8 50.0 37.5 26.2 0.0 32.8
CCC Singapore 40.0 22.2 31.3 42.9 0.0 32.8
CCC United Republic of Tanzania 37.2 41.7 25.0 47.6 0.0 32.8
CCC Bahrain 55.2 37.2 18.8 31.0 0.0 32.6
CCC Myanmar (Burma) 58.0 18.3 43.8 42.9 0.0 32.4
CCC Oman 32.4 22.8 12.5 59.5 0.0 32.0
CCC Madagascar 38.7 52.8 18.8 50.0 0.0 31.8
CCC Zambia 33.3 34.4 25.0 40.5 0.0 31.8
CCC Liberia 28.0 26.7 31.3 50.0 0.0 31.7
CCC Guyana 33.1 44.4 25.0 45.2 0.0 31.5
CCC Lebanon 33.9 30.0 31.3 50 0.0 31.3
CCC Mali 38.9 35.6 50.0 28.6 0.0 30.8
CCC Mongolia 27.8 33.3 31.3 54.8 0.0 30.7
CCC Uzbekistan 30.2 33.9 31.3 64.3 0.0 30.4
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
CC Angola 31.5 13.9 31.3 64.3 0.0 30.4
CC Swaziland 36.3 18.3 37.5 47.6 0.0 29.5
CC Timor-Leste 33.1 16.7 25.0 42.9 0.0 28.5
CC Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 23.3 43.9 12.5 52.4 0.0 28.2
CC Saudi Arabia 32.4 42.8 37.5 26.2 0.0 27.9
CC Kuwait 28.7 33.9 25.0 45.2 0.0 27.8
CC Republic of Korea (South Korea) 35.9 27.8 12.5 33.3 0.0 27.6
CC Ghana 24.8 33.3 37.5 40.5 8.3 27.6
CC China 23.5 29.4 43.8 52.4 18.3 27.4
CC Suriname 24.3 29.4 43.8 52.4 0.0 27.1
CC Turkmenistan 17.8 40.0 31.3 61.9 0.0 27.1
CC Malawi 33.1 23.9 43.8 33.3 0.0 26.8
CC Niger 29.1 35.6 25.0 35.7 0.0 25.9
CC Cameroon 26.7 24.4 18.8 50.0 0.0 25.4
CC Gabon 27.8 11.7 31.3 21.4 0.0 24.2
CC Togo 28.7 21.1 31.3 21.4 0.0 23.6
CC Cape Verde 23.5 16.1 25.0 33.3 0.0 22.9
CC Hong Kong 30.2 10.0 12.5 31.0 0.0 21.4
CC Cuba 13.0 15.0 18.8 42.8 0.0 20.8
CC Russia 17.0 32.2 37.5 40.5 0.0 20.7
CC Brunei Darussalam 17.8 19.4 0.0 42.9 0.0 20.6
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
C Guinea 8.7 10.6 37.5 50.0 0.0 19.3
C Zimbabwe 11.7 17.2 43.8 35.7 0.0 19.0
C Papua New Guinea 26.5 30.6 6.3 26.2 0.0 18.9
C Democratic Republic of the Congo 25.9 24.4 37.5 14.3 0.0 18.9
C Guinea-Bissau 7.4 31.1 31.1 21.4 0.0 18.9
C Pakistan 21.5 15.6 12.5 40.5 0.0 18.9
C Chad 16.7 13.9 12.5 40.5 0.0 16.7
C Somalia 8.1 20.6 25.0 35.7 0.0 16.0
C Mauritania 6.5 25.0 18.8 35.7 0.0 15.5
C Sudan 2.8 26.7 25.0 42.9 0.0 14.9
C Republic of the Congo 8.3 6.7 25.0 42.9 0.0 14.8
C Burundi 22.2 11.1 12.5 26.2 0.0 10.7
Rating Country Support Survivors Criminal Justice Coordination Address Risk Supply Chain Total
D Equatorial Guinea 3.7 12.2 12.5 26.2 0.0 8.6
D Islamic Republic of Iran 7.4 9.4 0.0 23.8 0.0 6.8
D Central African Republic -3.7 0.6 12.5 21.4 0.0 2.5
D Eritrea 0.0 -1.1 0.0 21.4 0.0 -2.0
D Libya 0.0 21.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 -2.5
D Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) 0.0 -6.7 12.5 4.8 0.0 -5.6
For a more information on the study’s framework and criteria for each category, a breakdown of the rating scale and “negative indicators”, milestones, etc., please check out Walk Free’s Government Response Report.

This Policy shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the English language, regardless of any translations made for any purpose whatsoever.

The version of this Policy is effective February 4, 2021.